Vital Synth: The Last Guide You’ll Ever Need (2022)

Some have called Vital the successor to Xfer Serum. Released in November 2020, it is one of the most intuitive synth plugins on the market.

And it’s free.

You read that right. So what makes Vital so special?

In this guide, we will go through everything you need to know to create the most amazing sounds. From ethereal pads to soaring leads, to growly basses, Vital covers it all.

Together we will look at:

  • The basic sections of Vital and what they do
  • What sets it apart from Xfer Serum
  • How to start designing your first sounds
  • 5 more tips & shortcuts to speed up your workflow

As mentioned, Vital is a free VST synth. Plus it works in all major DAWs (FL Studio, Ableton Live, Logic Pro X etc.)

So there’s absolutely no excuse to not download it straight away and follow along with this guide. Let’s get into it!

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Vital’s Pricing Options

I know I said that Vital is free, and that is true.

However, there are also 2 paid tiers plus a subscription-based tier available. Let’s quickly run through the options:

Basic

The free version of the Vital synth comes with 25 wavetables and 75 preset sounds.

It’s important to note that the free version includes all the features possible in Vital. No restricted or time-limited features: you get the full deal (with the exception of the text-to-wavetable feature, limited to 5 per day). So there’s no risk of missing out on anything by getting the free version.

As with most software synths, presets can be saved and shared with other people. With a bit of Googling you will find a wealth of presets (free and paid) available online.

Plus

For US$25, you get 250 presets and 70 wavetables. Plus, you get to support an awesome project.

Pro

For US$80, you will get even more presets and wavetables to choose from, additional skins to change the look of Vital, Discord perks, and more.

The presets are what makes Vital shine, so it’s definitely worth it.

Subscribe

For US$5/month, you get all the advantages of the Pro tier, as well as first access to new features and new plugins.

Now, let’s dive into the meat of the topic.

The Interface

Before we go into all of Vital’s functionalities, let’s get familiar with the interface. For me, this is where the major strength of Vital lies.

Unlike a lot of other software synths, Vital’s layout is clear, colorful, and intuitive.

As you open Vital for the first time, this is the interface you will see:

Straight away, you can see that a whole section is greyed-out. That is because those functionalities are disabled at the moment.

As you enable and disable parameters, you will see them disappearing and re-appearing. This will give you a clear picture of what is happening with your sound.

Let’s break down the different components of this layout. We’ll dive into each of them separately later on in this guide, but this is just to get you familiar with Vital’s GUI.

Vital’s Components

  1. Much like Serum, Vital has 4 views you can switch between. The view you pick will then be displayed in the main view (number 5). Without going into too much detail yet, here are those 4 views:
    • Voice gives you access to Vital’s 3 oscillators, the sampler and 2 voice filters
    • Effects allows to activate and adjust 9 different effects such as delay, compression and reverb
    • Matrix lets you quickly visualize all the modulations currently active
    • Advanced gives you control over some advanced (duh) features such as voicing and oversampling
  2. The Preset section allows you to quickly browse through your saved presets, save and re-initialize the current patch and more. Much of the options here are self-explanatory, so we won’t be diving into them any further.
  3. The Master volume setting
  4. The section allows to switch between an Oscilloscope and a Frequency Spectrum Analyzer. Simply click on the analyzer to toggle between the two.
  5. The Main view displays the selected view as explained in point 1.
  6. The Envelope section allows you to draw custom envelopes and apply them to specific parameters. By default, envelope 1 is assigned to the oscillators and the sampler volumes. It therefore acts as your basic ADSR envelope.
  7. Similarly, the LFO section lets you draw custom LFO curves and apply them to specific parameters.
  8. This sections allows you to add some Random Modulation. You can also control the number of voices and glide settings.
  9. The Keyboard is a handy feature if you don’t have a MIDI controller and need to play specific notes.
  10. The Pitch Wheel and Modulation Wheel let you pitch bend the notes. They can also be assigned to any parameters within vital to modulate them dynamically.
  11. Finally, the Macros section allows you to control many parameters with just one knob.

As this is a comprehensive guide for Vital, we won’t go over common terms such as ADSR and LFOs. If you need a refresher on any technical term, consult our comprehensive glossary!

Lastly, if you want a Serum and Vital comparison, check out this video from Aden:


As mentioned above, the four views at your disposal are Voice, Effects, Matrix, and Advanced. Let’s explore each of these in detail.

The Voice View

The Voice view is the equivalent to Serum’s OSC tab. This is where you select the source of your sound. For this, you can play with 3 different oscillators, a sampler, and 2 filters:

Let’s explore all of these functionalities.

Vital’s 3 Oscillators

Unlike Serum’s 2 oscillators, Vital provides 3 fully customizable oscillators.

When you initialize Vital, only OSC1 will be turned on. Simply click the round activation button to activate any of the other oscillators:

Oscillators are the main source of your sound. Make sure you spend enough selecting the right wavetables!

To do this, click on the wavetable name (in this case “Init”). This will open up all the available wavetables at your disposal:

For this example, I will load the Classic Blend wavetable. I can toggle between different frames of the wavetable with the vertical slider.

If you feel like you need a refresher on wavetable synthesis, make sure to check out our Complete Wavetable Synthesis Guide!

Let’s see how switching between frames affects our sound:

Vital synth wavetable frames
Sliding between the first and the last frame of the wavetable

Simply toggling between frames (or automating it) can bring great results.

On the left-hand side of the view, Level and Pan control the volume and panning of the oscillator. Pitch allows to transpose the sound by a specific number of semitones (left), cents (right), or both:

Vital synth pitch bend
Sound transposed up by 2 semitones, then down by 14 cents.

Routing

Below Level and Pan, you can decide how to route your oscillator. For example, you could decide to bypass any effect by selecting Direct Out. Or you could select Filter 1 to send the oscillator only to Filter 1 and not Filter 2:

Note that the signal will always flow into the Effects chain after the selected Filters unless Direct Out is selected.

On the right-hand side of the wavetable visualizer, Unison lets you add up to 16 voices. The percentage determines how detuned these voices are:

Vital synth unison
4 voices detuned by 13%

Let’s hear how this impacts our sound:

A basic square wave with 1 voice
Basic square wave with 4 voices, 15% detuned

You can hear how adding voices and detuning can add a lot of depth and width to your sound. A common application of this technique is to create the famous Reese Bass popular in Jungle and Drum and Bass, or the supersaw in Trance and Future Bass.

Phase

Phase determines at what point of the waveform the sound will start playing.

0 is the start of the waveform, 180 the middle, and 360 the end.

A useful tip to create movement is to start at random points in the waveform. This means that every time a note is played, the starting point on the waveform will change. To do this, simply increase the phase percentage.

Let’s listen to how this can add movement:

Arp sequence with 0% phase randomization
Arp sequence with 100% phase randomization

You can hear how the first version is quite stale and static. When you increase phase randomization, you get more movement in your sequence.

However, in some instances (like a sub-bass), you might want the phase randomization set to 0% to get the same impact on each note!

Finally, Vital provides you with two Morphing modulators for each oscillator. This allows you to twist and shape your sound for crazy results:

We won’t go into the details of each morphing algorithm in this guide. The best way is to experiment and see what sounds you can come up with!

The Sampler

Vital’s Sampler allows you to layer any sound of your choice on top of your oscillators. In Xfer Serum, the equivalent would be the Noise Oscillator.

Let’s dive back into Vital to see how to use the Sampler. Here’s an arp sequence with the Sampler de-activated:

First, let’s add some noise to make our sound more interesting and textured:

In this example, I’ve selected a Waves noise and routed it to Filter 2 so I can high-pass it.

Let’s check the result:

This is a great way to add foley and an organic feel to your sounds.

You can also load any sample of your choice into the sampler. Let’s try this out:

I’ve loaded a rain sample, routed it to filter 2, and high-passed it. I’ve also applied an envelope to the Level of the sampler:

This way, the rain fades out after each note is played. Let’s hear it:

Before
After

You can get really creative here to add life to your sounds!

Pro-tip: if you have a long noise sample, activate the sample random phase. This way, the sample will start at different points every time a note is played, adding more variation:

The 2 Voice Filters

We’ve touched on Vital’s filters a bit already in this guide. They act as your basic EQ filters, so if you need a refresher on Audio Filters, check out our comprehensive guide here!

Let’s start with the layout. Top, bottom, and right are your three main sliders. They control respectively the filter type, the cutoff frequency, and the resonance.

At the bottom, left is your routing settings. In this example, we can see that Oscillator 3 and the Sampler are both routed to Filter 1.

Pro-tip: if you want Filter 1 and Filter 2 to act in succession, enable FIL2 in the Filter 1 routing options.

There are a bunch of crazy filters you can use to create amazing sounds. One of my favorites is the Formant filter:

No formant filter
With formant filter

As always, experimenting is the key to interesting results!

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Modulation: Envelopes, LFOs and Macros

If you’ve spent any time at all with a synth, you will be familiar with modulations. They let you fine-tune how parameters of your sound come into effect over time.

For example, you might want a low-pass filter to be applied as soon as you hit your keyboard. Or you may want that filter to gradually enter over time.

In short, modulations are a way to add movement and variation to your sounds.

Envelopes

Envelopes use the ADSR model to sculpt any parameter that affects your sound. Every time you play a note, the envelope you have designed will be applied to your sound.

If you’ve never played with envelopes before, this might sound a bit alien. But it really isn’t. Let’s explore how all of this works in Vital.

Envelopes in Vital are located in the top right-hand corner of the synth. Three envelopes are at your disposal to start with, with a potential 6 envelopes in total to use.

You get your standard Attack-Decay-Sustain-Release settings, as well as Delay and Hold. Delay lets you set up to 4 seconds before the envelope is triggered. Whereas Hold will set the amount of time the sound remains at maximum volume while the note is still being played.

Now let’s look at some common applications.

Creating Envelopes

Envelope 1 is automatically assigned to the level of the oscillators. Let’s change the Attack from 0 to 0.3 seconds:

Attack set a 0 seconds
Attack set at 0.3 seconds

Let’s draw a second envelope, and apply it to the cutoff of Filter 1:

To apply an envelope to a parameter, click on the wheel and drag it directly to the parameter you want to modulate:

Once you do this, a little wheel will appear, reminding you where your envelope is applied. It will also let you control the amount of modulation applied.

In our case, we are controlling how much Filter 1 is opening up every time we play a note:

Modulation amount in Vital
By increasing the modulation amount, we increase how much the filter will open up (the green line)

Let’s listen to what this means:

If we wanted, we could set a much quicker attack time so that the filter opens up immediately. The possibilities are endless!

Pro-tip: when trying to design a specific sound, try to get as close as possible within your synth. Use envelopes and LFOs to avoid using too many effect plugins. This will simplify your workflow and lighten up your CPU load.

LFOs

LFO stands for Low-Frequency Oscillator and has become a cornerstone of music production. Much like envelopes, they allow you to modulate parameters over time. However, LFOs play in a repeating pattern, modulating your sound endlessly.

Vital provides you with a total of 8 LFOs to play with. Let’s explore the 2 main features you will need: Mode and Frequency:

Mode sets how your LFO will start and end. Setting to Trigger for example will start the LFO from the point set by the horizontal slider.

Frequency determines how fast the modulation repeats itself according to the curve you drew. Usually, you will want your frequency set to Tempo so that the LFO is applied in time with your project’s BPM.

Pro-tip: re-using the same LFO for several parameters can help achieve cohesion in your sound!

As always, actions speak louder than words, so let’s hear some examples!

In this example, I have assigned the LFO to the cutoff of Filter 1. Setting the frequency to 1/4 notes ensures that the modulation stays in time with my project.

Let’s hear another example:

No LFO
Applying LFO on the morphing amount

Pro-tip: both for Envelopes and LFOs, drawing directly into the visualizer can be a quicker way to achieve results!

Random Modulation

Vital’s Random Modulation Generator is a great way to introduce interesting and unexpected twists to your sounds:

This is a great option if:

  • you want to modulate a parameter but don’t know in which way;
  • you want some sort of evolving pattern that never repeats.

This can be useful for arp sequences and long atmospheres for example.

You can choose from different styles of randomness. Sample and Hold will jump in step from one random value to another. Sine Interpolate will introduce randomness around a sine curve.

Macros

Macros allow you to control multiple parameters at once.

In Vital, 4 macros are available, and any number of parameters can be assigned to a single macro.

Let’s look at an example:

I have assigned 5 different parameters to Macro 1 – and renamed it “Tension” for easy reference. Hover over any of the 5 circles to see which parameter is being controlled:

To assign a parameter to a macro, simply slide the macro tile to the parameter you want to control.

For this example, I wanted to be able to create tension with a single knob. I’ve assigned things like Reverb level, Delay level, and Distortion to the macro. This way, I can increase them all by just turning up one knob!

Let’s take a listen:

Pretty cool right?

The Effects View

Much like Serum, Vital offers so many effects and parameters to adjust that you probably won’t need to use additional effect plugins.

Activated effects will light up with a specific color, while de-activated effects are greyed out. You can easily re-arrange the order of effects by simply dragging the tiles up or down.

For me, this is the section that truly makes Vital stand out.

Each effect has its own visualizer, making it dead easy to understand how the effect is affecting your sound. Let’s dive into each of the effects and how they can transform your sound.

Pro-tip: keep in mind that each effect flows as an input into the next effect – so choose your order wisely!

Chorus

Chorus duplicates your sound into several voices, delaying and detuning them slightly. This will create the impression of multiple instruments playing together:

Vital chorus effect
This achieves a similar effect to the oscillator detune we covered early. But chorus has a noticeably different tone to it.

You can choose 4, 8, 12, or 16 voices. Playing with the Depth, Delay 1, and Delay 2 will accentuate the sound of the chorus. You can tone down the sound of the chorus by decreasing the Mix amount.

Finally, a nice Filter lets you cut out low/high frequencies from the chorus output. This won’t effect any of the dry signal.

Compressor

Vital’s compressor comes with several modes: from single one-band compression to 3-band compression.

Again, you’ve got a nice OTT-like visualizer that lets you see exactly what’s happening. You can use a mix of upward and downward compression to make your sounds thick and dense.

Need a refresher on all things compression? Check out our Ultimate Compression Guide!

Unfortunately, you cannot adjust the frequency cutoffs for each band (which is also the case in the OTT plugin it’s modeled after).

But again, Vital is free – so who am I to complain.

Delay

Vital’s delay has one of the most aesthetically pleasing layouts in my opinion:

Everything from the frequency to the feedback level and the dry/wet mix is represented on the visualizer.

You have your standard delay modes to choose from such as Mono, Stereo, and Ping-pong.

Just like with the chorus, a filter lets you high-pass, low-pass, or band-pass the delay output.

Pro-tip: automating the Feedback and Mix amounts during a build-up can be a great way to build up anticipation!

Want to deep dive into delay? Check out our dedicated guide here.

Distortion

Distortion is where you can get really crazy and completely transform your sounds:

From light saturation to intense bit-crushing, you’ve got a wealth of distortion types to choose from.

Personally, I love to automate the Drive and Mix amounts with an LFO to create variation and to build tension. Let’s listen to an example:

Here I am using the Down Sample type, and automating the Drive amount with a sin wave LFO. Notice how having the delay placed after the distortion adds dimension and a cosmic feel.

In this next example, I am using the Bit Crush type, and slowly increasing the Drive to create tension:

Distortion can bring out some harsh frequencies, so use a filter or an EQ if anything pokes out.

EQ

An efficient 3-point EQ with no bells or whistles:

The low and high cutoff points can be set to either shelf or low/high-cut mode. This is another case where drawing directly into the visualizer is handy.

Filter

The Filter in the Effects rack is a carbon copy of the 2 filters available in the Voice view, so we won’t go over them again:

Flanger

The Flanger is quite self-explanatory. Essentially, a flanger is a form of low-time delay combined with filtering:

When used too much, it can sound quite cheesy. Like with many other effects, I like to simply automate the amount over time to create some nice movement:

No flanger
Automating the flanger amount to create movement

Phaser

Fairly similar to a standard phaser, this is another effect that can add movement to your sounds:

Pro-tip: try automating the Center amount to create a cool retro feel!

Reverb

Finally, a standard Reverb unit is at your disposal:

This is one that I prefer to use to simply experiment. For example, I might chuck it in the effects chain when designing new sounds to see if anything interesting happens.

But if I need a lush and spacious reverb, I will tend to reach for an external plugin.

I would say this is one area where Vital lacks compared to Serum. A few different reverb modes or presets would be nice; but hey again, Vital is free.

Recommended: Reverb – The Ultimate Guide For Music Producers

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The Matrix View

The Matrix is a great way to instantly visualize the different modulations (i.e. envelopes, LFOs, etc.) in your current patch:

In this example, we can see that LFO 1 is modulating the tuning of Osc 1, LFO 2 is modulating the level of the sampler, etc.

The Matrix lets you quickly bypass any modulation by simply clicking on the number in the first column. You can also quickly change the amount of modulation with the horizontal slider.

When loading a preset sound, I find the Matrix is a great place to start to understand what is happening. I can then tweak individual modulations one by one to get closer to the sound I have in mind.

You can also easily re-route any modulation source to any parameter within Vital, all within the Matrix. All you need to do is click on the name of the modulation source or the parameter being modulated:

Finally, for the more adventurous among you, the Modulation Remap Curve lets you set how quickly a modulation takes place:

We won’t go into more details here, but simply drawing new curves will make it obvious how the sound is affected.

The Advanced View

I’ll admit that I don’t use the Advanced settings that much, although there are a few handy features.

To light up and Oscillator Options section, simply activate said oscillator. Only the oscillators with more than 1 voice will have the Oscillator Unison section enabled:

Vital synth advanced view
Here, all 3 oscillators are active, but only Osc 1 has more than 1 voice

Stack lets you decide how the different voices relate to each other in terms of pitch.

Detune range sets the maximum amount by which your voices will be detuned.

Finally, the Analysis view gives you a visual representation of your sound. First is an Oscilloscope, and the second is a Spectrum Analyzer:

Typically, you’ll adjust these settings once or twice to make Vital work for you. And then you’ll probably never look at it again 😉

5 Tips To Get The Most Out Of Vital

Before I let you go, let’s go over some quick tips and hidden secrets in Vital.

Pressing CTRL to fine tune

When adjusting any parameter, hold down CTRL to fine-tune the amount. You can also press ALT and click on the parameter to enter a value directly.

Octave shifts

If you want to quickly switch the octave of an oscillator, simply hold SHIFT when adjusting the pitch. This will transpose the pitch by increments of 12 semitones.

Using LFOs as Macros

If you run out of macros, you can use an empty LFO as a macro. Simply set the LFO Frequency to Freeze, and use the LFO Phase (the horizontal slider) as the macro knob.

Create Custom Reverb Tones with Chorus

You can actually create custom reverb tones with just the chorus effect. Give this a listen:

To achieve this, set the chorus frequency to Freeze, and assign a different Random modulation to Depth, Delay 1, and Delay 2. By modulating the 3 parameters by very small amounts, you get a beautiful reverb tone!

Create Randomized Sequences that Stay in Key

You can combine the Random modulation and the Transpose Snap function to create amazing melodies. Let’s have a look.

First, set each oscillator’s pitch to transpose into the key of your project:

Vital synth transpose snap
The notes of Em (E – G – B) are enabled for each oscillator

Next, set a random modulation to Sample and Hold, and drag the modulation onto the Transpose parameter of each oscillator:

Now, all you need to do is draw one long C note into your piano roll, and this is the result:

How cool is that? You can play with the modulation amount of each oscillator, as well as the frequency of the modulation to get amazing results.

This is perfect for re-sampling into an 8 bar-loop for example.

Last Words

Hopefully, this will inspire you to start designing your own crazy sounds!

Did I miss out on anything? Feel free to get in touch with me at [email protected]

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