Hi Hats: 7 Tricks to Make Them Sound Insanely Better 🀯

hi hats

Hi hats are synonymous with groove in EDM.

Actually, this might be one of the reasons your music sounds robotic πŸ‘€

It’s easy to overlook hi hats, and focus instead on kicks and snares. But human-sounding hi hats will give your track a professional shine. That’s what we’ll explore in this guide!

Together we will look at:

  • Why hi hats matter
  • How to design hi hats
  • How to automate certain parameters to create variation
  • How to “choke” your open hi hats πŸ‘€

Ready? Let’s get started! πŸ‘‡

Spice up your drums with our free Cheat Sheets πŸ₯

Go from boring loops to professional drums with these 10 creative tips. Get inspired with out-of-the-box tactics and practical techniques (applicable in any DAW) πŸ‘‡

Hi Hats: Why They Matter ⚠️

Hi hats are often overlooked by producers. We tend to focus on the big elements: kick, snare and claps. When we need hats, we often take the first loop we find and drop it in.

But hi hats and shakers are what give groove to our tracks.

And if you’re not careful, your music will quickly sound robotic. Listen to these 2 examples:

Robotic hi hats
Humanized hi hats

I think you’ll agree one sounds better than the other πŸ˜…

Hi hats are the most repetitive elements of your track. In fact, it might be the sound that gets played the most during the whole track!

Hi hats in action
Hi hats in action

Here’s a quick calculation. For a 3min-long track at 125BPM, you’ll get an average of 1500 hi hat hits.

This is why it’s crucial to spend time on them.

There are a million ways to achieve human-sounding drums. We cover the topic of drum programming more in detail in this guide here.

But for now, let’s focus on hi hats. Here are 9 of my favorite tricks to make them sound better πŸ”₯

Trick #1: Design Them Yourself πŸ‘©β€πŸ’»

Designing your own hi hats is the best way to make them sound human. This is because you can then automate any parameter in your synth (more on that later πŸ‘€).

Let’s look at how to design your first hi hats in Vital.

Pro-tip: If you haven’t yet, make sure to grab Vital. It’s as good as Serum, free, and we have a full guide on it hereπŸ”₯

All we need to start is a noise layer. In Vital, de-activate all oscillators, and enable the Sampler:

Enabling the sampler in Vital for hi hats
Enabling the sampler in Vital

Here, I’ve selected “White Noise”. But you can try any type of noise, and even drag in your own recordings.

Next, draw in the following LFO shape. Drag it to the volume control of the sampler:

Sending LFO 1 to the Sampler volume for hi hats
Sending LFO 1 to the Sampler volume

This basically automates the level of our white noise. This is what you should have now:

Hi hats

Finally, draw in a similar shape in LFO 2. Drag it to the high band of the EQ:

Mapping LFO 2 to the EQ
Mapping LFO 2 to the EQ

This will add some presence in the high-end:

Hi hats

And that’s your basic hi hat! You can now process it with compression, reverb, saturation, and more.

You can also easily switch out the sample layer to your liking:

“Grinder” noise layer
“River” noise layer

The advantage of this technique is that you can fine-tune every detail. You can also automate parameters, as we’ll explore later on.

Want to create some instant variation?

Hit the “Sample Random Phase” button. This will trigger the sample at different spots on every hit:

Beginning the sample at random points for hi hats
Beginning the sample at random points
“Waves” sample with random starting points

Looking for more tricks to get better-sounding drums? Check out this video from Luca:

Trick #2: Start With A Good Sample πŸ§ͺ

Of course, you don’t HAVE TO design your own hi hats. If you want, you can use a sample as a starting point.

But here’s my tip: start with a good sample.

If your sample is weak, no amount of processing will improve it.

A sound engineer once told me that line...
A sound engineer once told me that line…

Secondly, try to find a sample with as little reverb as possible. This is because we’ll want to apply our own reverb to it later.

Pro-tip: you can also use a transient shaper to remove reverb from a loop.

Finally, and most importantly, make the sample your own.

This is the most important part. Don’t just drag in a 16-bar hi hats loop into your project.

Instead, try something like this:

  • Step 1: find a loop you like
A standard tops loop
  • Step 2: isolate a single hit
Isolating a single hi hats hit for a loop
Isolating a single hit for a loop
Isolating a hit
  • Step 3: Sculpt the envelope to your liking
Making hi hats more snappy by shortening the tail
Making the hit more snappy by shortening the tail
Final hi hat

Nice! We’ve gone from a full loop to our very own hit hat 😎

Of course, this is not to say you can’t use full loops. We even dedicated a full guide to the best classic drum breaks. However, try to use loops as textures to fill in the spectrum.

And when it comes to the main elements, make them yours πŸ‘

Trick #3: Vary the Sound of Your Hi Hats 🎢

One key aspect of realistic hi hats is their sound. If every hit is exactly the same, it will sound robotic.

Think of it this way when a drummer plays. Does he hit the cymbals identically every time?

Every drum hit is unique
Every drum hit is unique

Of course not. There will be slight variations in the way he hits every hi hat. The force, the placement on the cymbal, etc. All of these will give the hi hats varying sounds.

This is what we want to re-create in our productions.

Here are a few tricks you can try out.

Spice up your drums with our free Cheat Sheets πŸ₯

Go from boring loops to professional drums with these 10 creative tips. Get inspired with out-of-the-box tactics and practical techniques (applicable in any DAW) πŸ‘‡

Automating the Pitch

Slightly changing the pitch is a great way to add subtle variation.

In FL Studio, you can randomize pitch directly in the Piano Roll:

Randomizer tool
Randomizer tool

Select your hits, and press ALT + R. This will bring up the Randomizer tool. Gently increase the “Pitch” knob to create random pitch variation:

Randomizing pitches

Usually, I stay below 10% here. Otherwise, the hits become too different from one another.

Looking for more cool Piano Roll tips? We have you covered here πŸ”₯

In Ableton Live, enable the LFO and set it to “Sample and Hold”:

Enabling LFO in Ableton Live for hi hats
Enabling LFO in Ableton Live

Set the tempo in line with the rhythm of your hi hats. Then adjust the “Pitch” percentage to your liking!

Automating a Filter

This technique also works well with filters.

In this example, I’ve set a radio-style EQ on my hats. I am then automating randomly the amount of EQ:

Automating the amount of EQ with an LFO
Automating the amount of EQ with an LFO

If you’re new to LFOs, we’ve done an extensive guide on them over here.

Basically, they allow you to modulate other parameters.

In this case, I am using Fruity Peak Controller’s LFO section. Setting it to “Random” and in time with the hi hats modulates the EQ of every hit:

Automating the EQ of my hi hats

If you want to learn more, everything is in our LFO guide πŸ”₯ Best of all, this works with any parameters you want!

For hi hats, here are some other suggestions for modulations:

Looking for a full guide on drum programming? We have you covered πŸ‘‡

Trick #4: Move Those Hi Hats Off-Grid! 🎹

Let’s face it. As producers, we love to copy-paste πŸ˜…

Especially in the piano roll, DAWs make it super easy to drag out a pattern. But this can kill your groove.

Having every hit on the grid is the best way to sound like a robot. Think about it: which drummer is always perfectly in time? Nobody 😁

Some can even be really off-tempo...
Some can even be really off-tempo…

To move your hi hats off-grid, you’ve got several options. Let’s look at a few of them.

The first option is to do it manually.

Not the most fun, but probably the most effective. Basically, you move each hit slightly off-grid.

My preferred method is to use “Grooves” in Ableton Live:

Using Grooves in Ableton Live
Using Grooves in Ableton Live

In the Grooves folder, pick any groove you like. Then adjust the “Timing” and “Random” controls to accentuate the effect:

Using Grooves in Ableton Live for hi hats
Using Grooves in Ableton Live

Here’s what it sounds like:

Using the “Perc Agogo Accent 16ths” groove

Trick #5: Switch Up Your Patterns 🎨

Switching up your hi hats pattern is a great way to make them feel human.

The idea is to avoid hitting every 16th note during the entire track.

Your pattern variations could look something like this:

Varying your hi hat pattern
Varying your pattern

And sound something like this:

Varying my hi hat pattern

You don’t want to go too crazy here. But just enough to keep the listener engaged πŸ˜‰

If you want to bring this trick to the next level, introduce some open hi hats.

Trick #6: Play with the ADSR Envelope βœ‰οΈ

This trick takes a bit more time to set up. The idea is based on the concept of arpeggiators (which we’ve explored in this guide).

Basically, you create 4 or 5 different versions of your hi hat. You then “arpeggiate” randomly between them:

Using an arpeggiator to humanize the hi hats
Using an arpeggiator to humanize the hi hats

Then, set your Arpeggiator to β€œRandom”, and set the Rate to 1/16. This will ensure every hit is triggering a random sample.

Finally, draw in all 4 notes in the piano roll:

Drawing notes in the Piano Roll
Drawing notes in the Piano Roll

In my Drum Rack, I’ve created several copies of the same hi hat. Here, you can change any parameter you want (like velocity, pitch, etc). However, I like to play with the ADSR of each hit.

In particular, changing the decay of each hit is a great way to add variation.

Adjusting the ADSR of each hit
Adjusting the ADSR of each hit

The downside of this technique is that you can’t combine it with different patterns.

The arpeggiator will always play a note every 16th note. So you’ll have to create another MIDI clip if you want to vary your pattern.

Trick #7: Choke Your Open Hi Hats πŸ₯

Last but not least, let’s talk about choking. Don’t worry, it will all make sense πŸ˜…

On a real drum kit, your hats can have two positions: open or closed. It can’t be both at the same time.

Here, the hi hat is closed
Here, the hi hat is closed

We need to take this into account when programming our drums. This means that:

  • every time we play a closed hi hat, the previous one needs to “stop”
  • when we play an open HH followed by a closed HH, the closed HH needs to close, or “choke”

Listen to this example:

Open and closed hi hats bleeding into each other

You can hear how the open hi hats are spilling over onto the closed hi hats. This is not what we want.

Rather, we want to “choke” the open hi hat when the closed hi hat plays:

Choking the open hi hats

How do you achieve this?

Manually

If you’re working with samples, you can do it manually:

Cutting off every open hi hat
Cutting off every open hi hat

Drum Samplers

But the best way is to work with a drum sampler. In Ableton Live’s Drum Rack, click “Show Chain List”, then click on “Show Input/Output Section”:

Bringing up Choke Groups in Ableton Live
Bringing up Choke Groups in Ableton Live

This will bring up the Choke Groups for each pad.

In this example, my open HH is on Pad 2. Therefore, I want every other pad to “choke” pad 2:

Choking the open HH on Pad 2
Choking the open HH on Pad 2

Let’s give it a listen:

Choking the open HH

Nice 😎

Depending on which drum VST you use, the procedure will be different.

For example, with FL Studio’s FPC, you get “Cut” and “Cut By”:

Choke Groups in FL Studio's FPC
Choke Groups in FL Studio’s FPC

In this case, the CUT number sets the cut group the selected Pad is in. The CUT BY then sets which group will cut the current Pad.

A final useful trick is to cut a sample by itself!

For example, you might use a ride cymbal with a very long tail. In this case, cutting the sample by itself ensures the ride doesn’t overlap with itself.

Spice up your drums with our free Cheat Sheets πŸ₯

Go from boring loops to professional drums with these 10 creative tips. Get inspired with out-of-the-box tactics and practical techniques (applicable in any DAW) πŸ‘‡

That’s It For This Guide! πŸ™

That’s a wrap! Hopefully, I could give you some ideas to spice up your hi hats.

Did I miss out on anything? What’s your favorite hi hats technique? Let me know over at [email protected]

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