Chords

By definition, a chord consists of at least three different notes. Notice the word “different;” an octave doesn’t count as …

Triads

A triad consists of three notes: a root, a third, and a fifth. Let’s look at a major triad first. …

Inverted Intervals

So far we’ve only talked above ascending intervals, or intervals whose “base” or “root” note is the lower one. But …

Compound Intervals

Intervals that span a distance greater than an octave are called “compound intervals.” You can find out their number by …

Interval Basics

The word “interval” refers to the distance between two notes. The basic intervals are: Unison, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, …

The Minor Scale

There are two approaches to understanding the minor scale. Both are important. First, the minor scale is like the major …

The Major Scale

There are two main scales formulas: major and minor. Each is built on the concept of “steps,” which are either …

Interval Tip

One of the best tricks I learned from a former teacher was a quick trick to figuring out thirds and …